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Both and are stated within the context of time (e.g., two years at a 10% annual interest rate). Based on this result, if someone offered you an investment at a cost of $8,000 that would return $15,000 at the end of 5 years, you would do well to take it if the minimum rate of return was 12%. It gives you an idea of how much you may receive for selling future periodic payments. Annuity due refers to payments that occur regularly at the beginning of each period.

When considering a single-period investment, n is, by definition, one. There is a cost to not having the money for one year, which is what the interest rate represents. Inflation is the process in which prices of goods and services rise over time. If you receive money today, you present value of a single amount can buy goods at today’s prices. Presumably, inflation will cause the price of goods to rise in the future, which would lower the purchasing power of your money. Present value is the concept that states an amount of money today is worth more than that same amount in the future.

## How to Calculate the Present Value of a Single Amount

All of these variables are related through an equation that helps you find the PV of a single amount of money. That is, it tells you what a single payment is worth today, but not what a series of payments is worth today .

- Of the single sum of $1,331 to be received at the end of three years.
- Another problem with using the net present value method is that it does not fully account for opportunity cost.
- PV (along with FV, I/Y, N, and PMT) is an important element in the time value of money, which forms the backbone of finance.
- Question 1 The present value of a single amount is computed by dividing the future value by the present value of 1 factor.
- A discount rate selected from this table is then multiplied by a cash sum to be received at a future date, to arrive at its present value.

The present value of a single amount formula is most often used to determine whether or not an investment opportunity is good. For example, a timeline is shown below for the example above, where we calculated the future value of $10,000 compounded at 12% for 3 years. Many times in business and life, we want to determine the value today of receiving a specific single amount at some time in the future. The value of a future promise to pay or receive a single amount at a specified interest rate is called the present value of a single amount.

## Related Calculators

The total interest income of $265,200 will be earned over the period. Compute present value of this sum if the current market interest rate is 10% and the interest is compounded annually. The present value is computed either for a single payment or for a series of payments to be received in future. This article explains the computation of the present value of a single payment to be received at a single point of time in future. To understand the computation of the present value of a series of payments to be received in future, read ‘present value of an annuity’ article.

As shown in the screenshot below, the annuity type does make the difference. With the same term, interest rate and payment amount, the present value for annuity due is higher. Holding other variables constant, the rate per period `r` is increasing in `FV` and decreasing in `PV` and `r`. Essentially it means that $1 (or €1 or ¥1 or £1) promised for some future date has a different value than the same amount today. PV (along with FV, I/Y, N, and PMT) is an important element in the time value of money, which forms the backbone of finance.